Peppers, or Capsicums, are glossy, smooth-skinned, block-shaped fruit, with 3-4 lobes which taper slightly at one end. They have thick walls which enclose a large cavity and seeds attached to the segmentations. Most common colours are green, red and yellow - each colour having a subtly different taste. Green are mild but distinctive, yellow are mellow tasting and red are rich and sweet.

Peppers, or capsicums, originate from South America. They were carried by the Spanish and Portuguese to their territories in Asian and Africa in the 1500s.

PEPPER, CAPSICUM are classed as a fruit.


Peppers can be eaten raw or cooked. They can be added to salads and sandwiches, roasted, barbecued, stuffed or stir-fried.

Nutritional Information

Typical values per 100g (raw): energy 20 kcal, 85 kJ; protein 0.7g; carbohydrate 4.7g; fat 0g.


To prepare peppers, cut in half and remove the seeds and bitter white pith. Wash and dry, then cut into slices or dice if desired. Make sure all the seeds are removed, as they can have a bitter flavour.


Store in a refrigerator, in the salad compartment, for up to 5 days.


Look for peppers that are firm, shiny and brightly coloured. Avoid peppers that are bruised, wrinkled or blemished. All peppers are originally green, as they ripen and sweeten they turn red, orange or yellow.

Fun Fact

Peppers belong to the same family as chillies but are much milder and sweet tasting.


Shown below is where this item grows in the world and where it may come from when you buy it at your supermarket or local shop.